Reasons For 108 Beads In A Mala
A rudraksh mala has 108 beads which have been given different meanings. But they seem to be defining reality or humans. At least, they are significant as they help us remember the mantras in their true essence. One is able to recite the mantras with devotion, sincerity and attention. The number of beads in a mala may not be exactly 108 and they can be fraction of 108 as well.
9 times 12: Both of these numbers have been said to have spiritual significance in many traditions. 9 times 12 is 108. Also, 1 plus 8 equals 9. That 9 times 12 equals 108.
Powers of 1, 2, and 3 in math: 1 to 1st power=1; 2 to 2nd power=4 (2x2); 3 to 3rd power=27 (3x3x3). 1x4x27=108
Desires: There are said to be 108 earthly desires in mortals.
Lies: There are said to be 108 lies that humans tell.
Delusions: There are said to be 108 human delusions or forms of ignorance.
Heart Chakra: The chakras are the intersections of energy lines, and there are said to be a total of 108 energy lines converging to form the heart chakra. One of them, Sushumna leads to the crown chakra, and is said to be the path to Self-realization.
Sanskrit alphabet: There are 54 letters in the Sanskrit alphabet. Each has masculine and feminine, Shiva and Shakti. 54 times 2 is 108.
Pranayama: If one is able to be so calm in meditation as to have only 108 breaths in a day, enlightenment will come.
Upanishads: Some say there are 108 Upanishads, texts of the wisdom of the ancient sages.
Sri Yantra: On the Sri Yantra there are marmas where three lines intersect, and there are 54 such intersections. Each intersections has masculine and feminine, Shiva and Shakti qualities. 54 times 2 equals 108. Thus, there are 108 points that define the Sri Yantra as well as the human body.
Pentagon: The angle formed by two adjacent lines in a pentagon equals 108 degrees.
Marmas: Marmas or marmastanas are like energy intersections called chakras, except have fewer energy lines converging to form them. There are said to be 108 marmas in the subtle body.
Time: Some say there are 108 feelings, with 36 related to the past, 36 related to the present, and 36 related to the future.
8 extra beads: In doing a practice of counting the number of repetitions of the mala, 100 are counted as completed. The remaining are said to cover errors or omissions. The 8 are also said to be an offering to God and Guru.
Chemistry: Interestingly, there are about 115 elements known on the periodic table of the elements. Most of those, around or higher than the number 100 only exist in the laboratory, and some for only thousandths of a second. The number that naturally exist on Earth is around 100.
Astrology: There are 12 constellations, and 9 arc segments called namshas or chandrakalas. 9 times 12 equals 108. Chandra is moon, and kalas are the divisions within a whole.
Planets and Houses: In astrology, there are 12 houses and 9 planets. 12 times 9 equals 108.
Goddess names: There are said to be 108 Indian goddess names.
Gopis of Krishna: In the Krishna tradition, there were said to be 108 gopis or maid servants of Krishna.
1, 0, and 8: Some say that 1 stands for God or higher Truth, 0 stands for emptiness or completeness in spiritual practice, and 8 stands for infinity or eternity.
Sun and Earth: The diameter of the Sun is 108 times the diameter of the Earth. The distance from the Sun to the Earth is 108 times the diameter of the Sun.
Moon and Earth: The average distance of the Moon from the Earth is 108 times the diameter of the Moon.
Silver and the moon: In astrology, the metal silver is said to represent the moon. The atomic weight of silver is 108.
Numerical scale: The 1 of 108, and the 8 of 108, when added together equals 9, which is the number of the numerical scale, i.e. 1, 2, 3 ... 10, etc., where 0 is not a number.
Meditations: Some say there are 108 styles of meditation.
Breath: Tantra estimates the average number of breaths per day at 21,600, of which 10,800 are solar energy, and 10,800 are lunar energy. Multiplying 108 by 100 is 10,800. Multiplying 2 x 10,800 equals 21,600.
Paths to God: Some suggest that there are 108 paths to God.
Smaller divisions: The number 108 is divided, such as in half, third, quarter, or twelfth, so that some malas have 54, 36, 27, or 9 beads.
Hinduism: 108 is said to refer to the number of Hindu deities. Some say that each of the deities has 108 names.
Islam: The number 108 is used in Islam to refer to God.
Jain: In the Jain religion, 108 are the combined virtues of five categories of holy ones, including 12, 8, 36, 25, and 27 virtues respectively.
Sikh: The Sikh tradition has a mala of 108 knots tied in a string of wool, rather than beads.
Buddhism: Some Buddhists carve 108 small Buddhas on a walnut for good luck. Some ring a bell 108 times to celebrate a new year.
Chinese: The Chinese Buddhists and Taoists use a 108 bead mala, which is called su-chu, and has three dividing beads, so the mala is divided into three parts of 36 each.
Stages of the soul: Said that Atman, the human soul or centre goes through 108 stages on the journey.
Meru: This is a larger bead, not part of the 108. It is not tied in the sequence of the other beads. It is the quiding bead, the one that marks the beginning and end of the mala.
Dance: There are 108 forms of dance in the Indian traditions.
Praiseworthy souls: There are 108 qualities of praiseworthy souls.
The popularity of rudraksh beads is immense in Asia. It is particularly famous in India. The significance of these beads is even documented in ancient Hindu literature and Shastras. It was very popular among Aryans and they were very knowledgeable regarding it. Similarly, Vedic literature is full of references to this holy bead. So, these beads were known to Indian for long. Many scientific studies have also been conducted to determine if they are according to the scientific school of thought and the researches were convinced regarding the powers of these beads. They researchers found them to have magnetic, electric inductive properties. Depending on the polarity and intensity of this induced magnetic field, Rudraksha beads transmits electrical and inductive impulses with opposing polarity and intensity. The scientific community considers the human body in terms of a complex bio-electronic circuit with a central nervous system controlling the body. By wearing these beads, the blood flow is regulated which reduces stress. It rejuvenates the body and reduces excess energy on neurotransmitters.
The human body is made up of Central Nervous System, Autonomous, Sympathetic & Para sympathetic Nervous System and various other Organ systems which are known as Bio Electronic circuit. The heart pumps blood to the brain and other parts of the body which results in the transmission of various impulses, which further results in movement of neurons, resulting in electrical impulses which is known as bio-electricity. This bio electricity is responsible for the transfer of information from the brain to the body.
Everything we see, hear, taste, think and feel depends on this flow which is caused by the difference in energy levels across the body. There is feeling of well-being as long as this flow remains normal and any disruption or obstruction in the flow of this bio electricity causes feelings of discomfort and diseases and there is a lack of feeling of well-being. But, there are factors such as stress which may disturb this flow and the body and mind does not function normally. In case of stress, the body sends stress signals to the CNS, resulting in increased neuron activity. This results in decreased comfort levels and we are unable to function at optimum levels. The blood flow is adversely affected and there are a number of diseases. But the rudraksh beads play an important role at this stage. They stabilize the heart beat as they work on the principle of dynamic polarity, similar to the functioning of magnets. When a bead is placed near the body, it exerts a balancing force on the heart to regulate if it does not function at normal levels. As a result, there is normal blood flow from the heart to various parts of the body and restores the body functioning.
The potential difference in various parts of the human body causes a flow of bio-electrical signal in the body. That is why the rudrakshas of different mukhs are important due to their factor of resistance and they oppose the bio-electrical impulses, generating current. This regulates the heart beat and stabilizes the impulses to the brain which results in positive chemicals in the mind and there is feel-good factor in us. The wearer is able to think better, more confident and poised. Different mukhi rudrakshas send different signals to the brain which affect different chemicals in the brain which have specific effects on the personality.
The rudraksh beads store electric energy and it is able to stabilize the bio-electric current which is measured in Farad. This is useful for controlling hyperactivity, palpitations of heart, streamlining heartbeat etc. As stress causes increased heartbeat, more hormone and CNS activity, there is difference in energy levels in the body, causing heightened bio-electric current. But rudraksh restores normal health and reduce the excess electric energy and regulating the flow by storing electric energy.
Rudrakshas have permanent magnetic properties which cause Inductive vibrations which explains why people feel better just by staying near it. These vibrations are measured in Henry or Volt Seconds/Ampere.
There has been a lot we come to hear regarding magnetic healing in recent times. They help people feel better and rejuvenated. The rudrakshas also have magnetic properties but they are better than magnets as they can change polarity. They have para-magnetic as well as dia-magnetic properties as well as dynamic polarity. In the human body, there are arteries and veins which carry blood. But, when the blood supply in the arteries and veins is reduced due to any reason, various diseases take roots. Since these pathways are responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body and throwing off waste materials, a reduction in the flow of blood results in lesser supply of oxygen in different parts of the body as well as the accumulation of toxic material in the body, which is bound to cause diseases in the body. The circulation of blood in the body is the key to good health. Moreover, cells in the body have positive and negative charges just as magnets have. The passage way of blood is broadened when magnets are introduced because the poles of the magnet attract the poles of the cells and the pathway of blood is broadened, causing adequate and streamlined flow of blood. Once the flow of blood is restored, we feel cured, better, rejuvenated and energetic. But the polarity of magnet is fixed which means when a magnet is placed near a particular part of the body, only the arteries and veins with matching polarity are opened, which is not the case with rudrakshas which go much deeper into healing.
Rudraksh can change its polarity due to its dia-magnetism property – a property of any material to acquire temporary magnetic property when there is an external magnet. This polarity is opposite to the external field. There is natural magnetic field around the body due to blood circulation and heart beat which is especially present in the heart region. The bio-magnetism creates bio-magnetism which depends on the polarity of the induced magnetic field. The polarity of the rudraksh is opposite to the inducing field which causes widening of the arteries and veins and the wearer experienced healing and rejuvenation.
These beads also have anti-ageing properties because of the Dynamic Polarity factor which makes it far superior to magnets.