Vaidyanath Temple, also called Vaijnath Temple and Baidyanth Temple is located at Deogarh in the Santal Parganas region of Bihar in the south west of Keeul Station. Baidyanath shrine is revered as one of the twelve Jyotirlingams of Shiva. It may be noted that some schools of thought believe Vaidyanath near Parali in Andhra Pradesh to be the Vaidyanatha Jyotirlingam.
Devotees of Lord Shiva believe that by sincere worship of Vaijnath Jyotirlinga a person is relieved of all worries and miseries in life. It is also said that by worshipping in the shrine a person attains Moksha and all types of happiness. As a tradition, devotees carry ‘Kanwars’ on their shoulders and complete their travel here.
Legend Behind Vaidyanath Temple
As per the stories described in the Shiva Purana, it was in the Treta yuga that the evil presence Ravana, ruler of Lanka, felt that his capital would not be impeccable and free from adversaries unless Mahadeva (Shiva) remains there for eternity. He paid ceaseless reflection to Mahadeva. At last Shiva got satisfied and allowed him to convey his Atmalinga with him to Lanka. Mahadeva prompted him not to place or exchange this lingam to anybody. There ought not be a break in his excursion to Lanka. On the off chance that he stores the lingam anyplace on the earth, over the span of his adventure, it would stay settled at that place until the end of time. Ravana was glad as he was taking his arrival trip to Lanka.
Alternate divine beings protested this arrangement; if Shiva went to Lanka with Ravana, at that point Ravana would wind up noticeably invulnerable, and his shrewd and against vedic deeds would undermine the world. They never jumped at the chance to see Lord Shiva as his defender. They conceived an arrangement for outmaneuvering Ravana. They asked for Varuna (the divine force of water) to go into the stomach of Ravana, on his way again from Mount Kailash. Along these lines, on his way back, Ravana felt an extreme inclination to discharge water. He started searching for a man to whom he could incidentally depend the lingam. Master Ganapathi showed up before Ravana in the pretense of a Brahmin. Unconscious of the riddle, Ravana gave over the lingam to the Brahmin. Lamentably, Ravana couldn't ease himself soon. In the interim, the Brahmin set the lingam at this place which was and which is currently Baidyanathdham. Ravana endeavored to remove the lingam from the spot where it had been set. He couldn't turn out the lingam even an inch. This made him disillusioned. He used violence yet he simply winning as to pushing the lingam by thumb and hurting it. Later on he felt remorseful of his doings and requested exculpation. The Gods were playful that the Shiva linga had not accomplished Ravana's place. He returned to Lanka yet visited it religiously to revere the lingam. This continued with until the finish of time.
Where Ravana slipped on the earth is related to the present Harilajori around four miles north of Baidyanathdham. Where the lingam was kept is presently Deoghar and the lingam itself is referred to all as Baidyanath Jyotirlingam. According to different conventions, the "LINGAM" (Lord Shiva) lay dismissed after the passing of Ravana until the point when it was seen by an inconsiderate seeker, Baiju, who acknowledged it as his God and worshiped it day by day; announcing to the world, as the Lord of Baiju (Baidyanath).
According to another legend, Vaidyanath is one of the 52 Shakti Pitha shrines of Sati. It is believed that the heart of Sati fell here, when her half burnt body being carried by Shiva at the end of Daksha?s Yagna was chopped to pieces by Vishnu?s discus.
Some people believe that this temple was re-discovered by a cowherd Baiju and hence named Baijnath.
Structure of Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga
Vaidyanath Temple at Deogarh houses a spacious courtyard bound by stone walls. In the temple complex are twenty-two other temples. The Baijnath or Vaidyanath temple faces east. The top of the Shiva Lingam is slightly broken, keeping with the legend that it chipped away when Ravana tried to uproot it. Near the temple is the Shivaganga Lake.